English Top Tricks to Solve Narration for IBPS RRB SBI PO Clerk

English Shortcut Tricks to Solve Narration for IBPS RRB SBI PO Clerk- Few Simple Rules for Correct Narration in competitive exams.

Narration is important because at least 5-10 questions come in SSC IBPS and other competitive exams. To solve these questions a candidate has to understand Golden Rules of Narration which are described as follows:

English Top Shortcut Tips for Narration

When a person conveys message of another person to third person with making changes is called Narration. It has three important parts. Let us take an example to under these parts of Narration.
For e.g. He said, “I will come”.
·         Reporting Speech = He said (Words outside the comma & inverted comma).
·         Reporting Verb = Said
·         Then Comma & Inverted Comma (, “   ”) starts.
·         Reporting Speech = I will come (Words inside the comma & inverted comma).
·         First person (I, We) changes according to subject
·         Second person (you) changes according to object
·         Third person (He, She, It, Name) – NO CHANGE
Remember the following:
                  Direct Speech = Indirect Speech (equal to means changes to)
·         Ago = before
·         Yesterday = The previous day / The last day
·         Tomorrow = The following day / The next day
·         Today = That day
·         This  = That
·         Here = There
·         Hence = Thence
·         Last Night = The previous night
·         Now = Then
·         Tonight = That night
·         These = Those
·         Last day = The previous day
GOLDEN RULES FOR ASSERTIVE SENTENCES
(Positive Sentence-Sense of Positivity in Sentence):
Do the following changes:
1.      ‘comma & inverted commas’ = that
2.      Say/says/said=  No change
3.      Say to/says to/ said to = Tell/ Tells/ Told
4.      If Reported Speech mentions Universal Truth, Habitual Action, Idiom phrase, Past Historical facts, then in tense of direct speech to indirect speech.
5.      If two actions are happening at the same time, then no change in tense of direct speech to indirect speech.
6.      If the Reported Speech mentions imaginary conditions (say Had + V3rd form, would, should, could, must, ought to) then in tense of direct speech to indirect speech.
7.      If Reported Speech is in present tense or future tense, then in tense of direct speech to indirect speech.
8.      If Reported Speech is in past tense then, do the changes in tense of direct speech to indirect speech.
·         Present Indefinite = Past Indefinite
·         Present Continuous = Past Continuous
·         Present Perfect = Past Perfect
·         Present Perfect Continuous = Past Perfect Continuous
·         Past Indefinite = Past Perfect
·         Past Continuous = Past Perfect Continuous
·         Past Perfect = No change
GOLDEN RULES FOR INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES (Question Mark Sentences):
1.      If question starts with helping verb or model, then ‘comma & inverted commas’ = that if/ that whether.
2.      Said/ said to = asked/ enquired/ demanded/ questioned/ interrogated
3.      If a question start with WH family (what, when, where, why, who, whom & how), then do not use any conjunction in place of ‘comma & inverted commas’.
GOLDEN RULES FOR EXCLAIMATORY SENTENCES:
1.      ‘comma & inverted commas’ = that
2.      Said = Exclaimed with Sorrow in case Ah/ Alas!
3.      Said = Exclaimed with Joy in case Aha / ha/ Hurrah!
4.      Said = Exclaimed with Regret in case Sorry!
5.      Said = Exclaimed with surprise in case Oh/ what/ how/ My God/ God!
6.      Said = Applauded person saying in case of Bravo/ Well done/ Hear!
7.      Change What/ How to Very / Great. Before Adjective use Very & before Noun/Pronoun use Great.
8.      Change ‘What a pity!’ To ‘It was a great pity that’.
GOLDEN RULES FOR OPERATIVE SENTENCES:
1.      Do not use any conjunction in place of ‘comma & inverted commas’.
2.      Said = Wished (Meeting) for Good Morning/ Good Noon/ Good Evening.
3.      Said = Bade (Departure) for Good night/ Good bye/ Farewell etc.
4.      Use ‘Respectfully’ in case of ‘Sir’ is used in any sentence.
5.      In case of ‘Would that/O that/ O For’ in reported speech then change said to = wished & comma and inverted comma = that
6.      In case of ‘May/ May God’ in reported speech then change said to = prayed & comma and inverted comma = that
GOLDEN RULES FOR OPERATIVE SENTENCES:
1.      ‘comma & inverted commas’ = To
2.      Said to = Advised
3.      Said to = Requested
4.      Said to = warned
5.      Said to = forbade (means deny)
6.      Convert ‘Do not’ to ‘Not to’ in indirect speech.
GOLDEN RULES FOR SENTENCES with LET:
1.      If Let is proposal then change,
a.       ‘comma & inverted commas’ = That
b.      Said to = Proposed to / suggested to
c.       Let  = should
2.      If Let is Allowed/Persvade then change,
a.       ‘comma & inverted commas’ = To
b.      Said to = Ordered/ Requested
c.       Let  = allowed/ persvade
3.      If Let is conditional then change,
a.       ‘comma & inverted commas’ = That
b.      Said to = Told
c.       Let  = might


Revise these rules to get maximum score in any competitive exams.
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